Skills needed to be a successful web developer in 2018 range across a wide number of fields. From programming skills and deep understanding of the latest web development trends like responsive sites to soft skills, there are so many facets to experienced and successful web developers. Here’s all you need to know about the web development skills a developer must possess to succeed in the present digital era:

  • Proficiency in Programming Languages

Web development work invariably involves a proficiency in HTML and CSS, two languages no web developer can do without. Hypertext Markup Language or HTML is a standard markup language for creating web pages. The markup is the way of creating notes in digital documents and distinguished from regular text. This is the basic building block for website development. CSS or Cascading Style Sheets is another language for presenting documents created with HTML. CSS lends pages their layout, colour and fonts, while HTML creates a foundation for the web page. These languages are essential for web development in 2018. Another major programming language you must show proficiency in is JS or JavaScript.

This determines the page’s function. It is extremely important for sites with interactive features like audio and video, page animations, and scrolling capabilities. JS is the tool for implementing these web features. Libraries like jQuery include a collection of plug-ins and extensions making it faster and quicker to use JS on the site. Additionally, jQuery takes common tasks requiring multiple JS codes and compress these into a format that can be executed with a single line.

  • Version Control

For web developers, the last thing you need to do if web development goes wrong is start over from the beginning. Version control refers to the process of controlling and tracking changes to the source code so that this does not take place. Version control software is a tool used to monitor changes so one can go back to a previous work version and find out what went wrong without getting back to the drawing board.

  • Responsive Design

These days, viewers use numerous smart devices such as phones, and tablets to see websites. Web pages that adjust themselves to the device you use automatically are said to be responsive. Pathwwway Ltd responsive web design is an innovation triggered with the support of major search engine, Google. Understanding how to code for responsive designs is one of the crucial skills a contemporary, new-age web developer must display.   Responsive web design is an intrinsic part of CSS frameworks. These are, therefore, interconnected skills

  • Testing and Troubleshooting

Any website faces bugs eventually. Now, debugging is an important part of the development process. To keep things moving, you need to test codes for bugs along the way, so the ability to test and debug is one of the most critical skills web developers need to possess. Numerous different types of testing methods for web development complicate the picture further. While functional testing focuses on particular site functionalities like forms or databases and ensures your site does everything it is coded to do, unit testing tests the smallest bit of code responsible for different aspects on the site and examines it for correct operation.

  • Browser Developer Tools

Users will be interfacing with a website through web browsers. The way a site is rendered by browsers is a massive part of whether a site is successful or not. Akin to the testing and debugging method, all modern web browsers are equipped with developer tools. These tools allow testing and fine-tuning of pages within the browser itself, in a way similar to how the browser interprets codes. Specifics vary across browsers, but a JavaScript console and inspector generally form part of the browser development toolkit.

Inspectors permit developers to see the way runtime HTML appears on your page, while CSS is associated with each page element and allows editing of the HTML and CSS to see changes live as they take place. Additionally, the JS console allows errors that occur to be viewed as browsers try to execute the JS code.

  • Building and Automation Tools

While HTML, CSS and JS proficiency can help make tools for web development more efficient, these can also help to test the site and fix errors. Trends continue with building and automation tools and web performance. Coding the best website is not enough. Site or load times matter too. If you have issues with performance times, steps need to be taken to improve these such as image optimisation or scaling and compressing images for optimal web performance and minifying JS and CSS to remove code characters that are not necessary, without changing functionality.

  • Soft Skills

An equally crucial part of the plethora of skills a successful web developer must have are the non-technical skills such as soft skills. These are the familiar skills you cannot afford to overlook. Understanding the culture, process and art of web development is critical. So is comprehending user experience and appreciating what it takes to form client relationships over the long run. A knack for teamwork and effective communication skills are equally essential.

Honing overall professionalism is the key, and soft skills are just as essential as the tech-based ones, when it comes to web development. Your team building skills and a deep interest in web development also play a crucial role in influencing your chances of becoming a successful professional in this field.

  • Design Skills

Design paradigms like Google and its material design or the flat design by Apple make websites look exceptional. Apart from making sites feel familiar, integrated and modern, when it comes to cutting-edge trends, design paradigms also help the website to be user-friendly and functional. Another important aspect of web development training includes UX, UI and usability skills. New design principles like Progressive Web App also need to be understood. These web apps offer native-like and offline-first experiences.

  • Back-End Basics

Back-end basics such as understanding how servers work and how your website interacts with them are also crucial for being an effective web developer. The front-end of the website can interact with back-end infrastructure through Application Programming Interfaces/APIs. Additionally, web apps and sites use  databases for storing information. You need to have an understanding of how these work, as well. Ultimately, no web development process is complete without considering cybersecurity.

Posted by IT Pathwwway